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6 February 2023



A Guide to the Software Development Team Structure

The software development process is a complex and multifaceted endeavor that requires the coordination of many different roles and responsibilities. To ensure that a project is completed successfully, it is essential to have a well-structured remote team in place from the start. This guide will provide an overview of the software development team structure and the different roles and responsibilities of the team’s key members. When properly understanding each team member’s role, you can ensure that their software development projects are well-planned and executed, delivering high-quality software products. Let’s take a closer look at the key players that form a solid software development organizational structure.

Overview of the Software Development Organizational Structure

Concerning the team structure in software engineering, there is no one-size-fits-all composition since it depends on the project’s complexity. For instance, if your primary objective is to develop an MVP or PoC, a team of up to 10 specialists is sufficient. However, in the product development stage, the team can grow organically, requiring dozens of experts to get involved. The most typical example is the project requiring the launch of the Web application, coupled with iOS and Android versions.

This way, the project would require a comprehensive team of backend and front-end specialists alongside QA experts, business analysts, designers, and DevOps engineers. For this reason, let’s briefly overview the key players of the software company organizational structure and their crucial responsibilities.

Key Players of the Product Development Team Structure

Let’s take a closer look at the team composition of the software development teams and briefly review their significant responsibilities in the development workflow.

  • Business analyst. This role is a liaison between the business stakeholders and the development team. Business analysts are responsible for understanding the business requirements and then translating those requirements into actionable tasks for the development team. The primary responsibilities of business analysts include gathering and analyzing business requirements, creating project documentation, and cooperating with stakeholders to ensure project alignment with business goals.
  • Product owner. This role represents the stakeholders’ interests and ensures that the development team works on the right features to meet their needs. According to McKinsey, product owners are the key decision-makers that have an in-depth understanding of the product in question. The primary responsibilities for this role are defining the product vision, creating and maintaining the product backlog, and making decisions related to the nuances of product development.
  • Project/product manager. The slash in the name refers to specific requirements that can arise depending on the nuances of development. Project managers oversee the entire software development process, while product managers set the project’s vision, measurable goals, and business trajectory. In the software development organizational structure, project and product managers ensure that the product or its parts are delivered on time and within the budget.
  • Software architect. This role leads the design and the overall software structure, including selecting appropriate technologies and tools. In the product development team structure, these experts also ensure that the software is scalable and maintainable on the client’s side. Regarding the critical skills and requirements, software architects design the overall software structure, select the appropriate technologies and tools, and ensure the code quality standards.
  • Software developers. It’s worth mentioning that developers form the backbone of any virtual team. These specialists do the actual job and work on developing the front-end and back-end of the application or a Web solution. Developers ensure that the final product is operational and functional, while this role heavily relies on cooperating with the project manager, software architect, designers, and QA specialists.
  • QA specialist. The software testing engineers ensure that the software product is high quality and free of defects by creating and executing test cases, identifying and reporting defects, and working with developers to resolve issues. They work on identifying defects in software products and report them to the development team.
  • DevOps engineer. These specialists configure and maintain the software development infrastructure, implementing continuous integration and continuous delivery, and monitoring the performance and scalability of the software. These processes help ensure that the software product is deployed and running smoothly in production. They use monitoring tools to ensure that the software product is performing well in production and can scale to meet the changing needs of the business.
  • UI/UX designer. Designers are responsible for designing the overall look and feel of the software product and ensuring that it is user-friendly and easy to navigate. They conduct user research to understand the target audience’s needs, goals, and habits to design interfaces that meet their needs.

As a whole, the mentioned team structure in software engineering is more or less universal. Yet, the specific number of specialists depends on the project’s scope and the outlined business objectives.

Tips for Keeping the Software Company Organizational Structure Effective

Let’s highlight a few essential tips that can help keep your remote team productive. Some of the most effective ones include:

  • Establish roles and responsibilities. Make sure everyone on the team knows what they are responsible for and who they can turn to for help or guidance. It’s essential to agree on the standards and team norms, according to Forbes. This step helps to understand who is accountable for what so everyone can work together efficiently.
  • Encourage communication and collaboration. Regular formal and informal meetings can help team members stay informed and connected. Lack of proper communication and team spirit can significantly challenge remote team management. You can create an environment where everyone feels heard and valued by providing opportunities for team members to share their progress, ask questions, and provide feedback.
  • Foster a culture of learning and continuous improvement. Encourage team members to learn new skills and technologies and provide opportunities for them. It can help to ensure that the team is always up-to-date with the latest developments in their field and can continue delivering high-quality work.
  • Set clear goals and objectives. Make sure team members clearly understand what they are working towards. Setting clear goals and objectives also helps to identify any roadblocks or challenges the team may face so that they can be addressed promptly.
  • Provide opportunities for feedback and input. Encourage team members to share their ideas and feedback and consider them when making decisions that affect the team. It’s important to give team members a voice and actively seek their input and ideas.


Overall, the structure of a software development team is universal, comprising critical specialists and highlighting collaboration and cross-departmental work. If you don’t want to mess around with building a team from scratch, you can create a remote software team in under 72 hours with Nearshore Friends. By making the most of the Peak Resources service, you’ll get the most out of the team extension and acquire the top talent in the blink of an eye. Thus, it becomes less of a challenge to assemble the whole team on your own when you hire the remote development team to cover your development services at ease.

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